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:: Volume 1, Issue 1 (summer 2016) ::
3 2016, 1(1): 15-23 Back to browse issues page
A Comparison of Distraction Techniques (Bubble and Cartoon) On Reducing Chemotherapy induced pain in children with Cancer
N Mikaeili , A Fathi , S Kanani , HR Samadifard
University of Mohaghegh Ardabili, Ardabili, Iran
Abstract:   (3250 Views)

Introduction:: The purpose of the present study was to compare the influence of the two techniques of distraction through watching a cartoon and bubble manufacturing /producing on chemotherapy pain reduction in children suffering from cancer.
Method: The method of the study was pretest and post test experimentation with the control group. The study population included all children with cancer hospitalized in Buali hospital in Ardabil. The subjects were selected through convenience sampling method and were randomly placed in three groups (16 in distraction group watching a cartoon, 16 in bubble manufacturing and 16 in the control group).To collect the data, the Oucher pain tools and  fur the more, to create distraction a bubble manufacturing tool and a cartoon CD were used. To analyze the research hypotheses, ANOVA was applied.
Results: Toki test results show that the average score of pain " making bubbles from the group watching cartoons," and mean scores of "both experimental groups in witness group" was significantly higher (p<0/05).These results mean that watching cartoons and making bubbles help to reduce the pain that felt by children during chemotherapy. Also results show that the method of making bubbles rather than watching cartoons method has helped to reduce pain in children during chemotherapy (p<0/01).
Conclusion: Generally the results showed that the distraction includes none pharmacologic interventions are effective in pain relief. In addition this method has the little or even no complications than medicinal methods, and also has low cost. This method has no physical and psychological devastating effects for children, has easy application, requires less training and does not need a lot of time to execute for kids and more importantly is that this method is attractive to children and by using this children will have less perceived of pain. Finally the findings of this study suggest that the possibility of using distraction methods as effective non- Pharmaceutical treatments in different parts of the hospital will help to reduce pain.

Keywords: Distraction Techniques, Children Suffering from Cancer, Chemotherapy, Pain Decrease.
Full-Text [PDF 234 kb]   (1463 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2016/11/5 | Accepted: 2016/11/5 | Published: 2016/11/5
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Mikaeili N, Fathi A, Kanani S, Samadifard H. A Comparison of Distraction Techniques (Bubble and Cartoon) On Reducing Chemotherapy induced pain in children with Cancer . 3. 2016; 1 (1) :15-23
URL: http://ijca.ir/article-1-34-en.html


Volume 1, Issue 1 (summer 2016) Back to browse issues page
نشریه پرستاری سرطان Iranian Journal of Cancer Nursing (ijcn)
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