[Home ] [Archive]   [ فارسی ]  
:: Main :: About :: Current Issue :: Archive :: Search :: Submit :: Contact ::
:: Volume 1, Issue 1 (Spring 2019) ::
3 2019, 1(1): 30-39 Back to browse issues page
Awareness about warning signs for cancers in women referred to health centers affiliated with bushehr university of medical sciences
I Sharifikia, C Rohani , F Estebsari, F Salmani, M Matbouei, A Hossein-nejad, S Afrasiabi
Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
Abstract:   (2883 Views)

Introduction: The number of new cancer cases in the world and in developing countries such as Iran is still growing. Success in early detection of cancer largely depends on people’s awareness of the early warning signs of cancers. This study aimed to determine the level of women's awareness about the warning signs of cancers and its association with demographic and clinical characteristics.
Method: This descriptive cross-sectional study was carried out on 160 women referred to the four health centers affiliated with the Bushehr University of Medical Sciences. The data were obtained using two researchers-made questionnaires, including demographic-clinical characteristics questionnaire and questionnaire of awareness for cancer signs.
Results: The mean age of women in this study was 29.9 ± 7.1 years. According to the results, over 50% of women were not aware of five signs out of 10 warning signs of cancer. More than half of the women (56.2%) had a low level of awareness and poor knowledge of cancer warning signs. The results of linear regression analysis showed that only the women's level of education was significantly associated with their awareness of the warning signs of cancer (p =0.007, β =0.28). In total, 11% of the variations in women's awareness of the warning signs of cancer were predicted by this variable.
Conclusion: considering the low level of knowledge of women about the warning signs of cancers, there is an important need for community/ public health nurses in the community. In addition, the findings reinforce need for implementing intervention programs from school phase to adulthood supported by health policy makers.

Keywords: Malignant neoplasms, early detection of cancer, women, awareness, community health nurse.
Full-Text [PDF 258 kb]   (946 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2016/12/21 | Accepted: 2016/12/21 | Published: 2016/12/21
References
1. Hirokawa, K., Utsuyama, M., Kikuchi, Y. and Kitagawa, M. Scoring of immunological vigor: trial assessment of immunological status as a whole for elderly people and cancer patients. In: Pawelec G, editor. Immunosenescence. New York: Springer; 2007, pp.15-23. [DOI:10.1007/978-0-387-76842-7_2] [PMID]
2. Jemal, A., Bray, F., Center, M.M., Ferlay, J., Ward, E. and Forman, D. Global Cancer Statistics. Cancer American: A Cancer Journal for Clinicians. 2011. 61(2), pp.69-90. [DOI:10.3322/caac.20107] [PMID]
3. Sadjadi, A. Mehdi, N., Ali, M., Alireza, M.J., Reza, M. and Parkin, D.M. Cancer occurrence in Iran in 2002, an international perspective. Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention. 2005. 6(3), p.359.
4. Askarian M, Mansour Ghanaie R, Karimi A, Habibzadeh F. Infectious diseases in Iran: a bird's eye view. Clinical Microbiology and Infection. 2012 Nov 1;18(11):1081-8. [DOI:10.1111/1469-0691.12021] [PMID]
5. Ramezani, b, d. Jafarzadeh, e. Samadi, p. Malek Zadeh, R. Sajjadi, a. S. cancer incidence and mortality in community-based cancer registry in Iran from 2004 to 2006 the first report. 2009
6. Notification of the Ministry of Health and Medical Education media- base, 2012 available [Accessed December 16, 2012].
7. Young, R.C. and Wilson, C.M. Cancer Prevention Past, Present, and Future. Clinical Cancer Research, 2002. 8(1), pp.11-16.
8. Robb, K., Stubbings, S., Ramirez, A., Macleod, U., Austoker, J., Waller, J., Hiom, S. and Wardle, J. Public awareness of cancer in Britain: a population-based survey of adults. British Journal of Cancer, 2009. 101, pp.S18-S23. [DOI:10.1038/sj.bjc.6605386] [PMID] [PMCID]
9. Alberto .L. Del Valle, M.O., López, S., Faya-Ornia, G. and López, M.L. Study protocol of a randomized controlled trial to improve cancer prevention behaviors in adolescents and adults using a web-based intervention supplemented with SMS. BioMed Center Public Health, 2013. 13(1), p.357. [DOI:10.1186/1471-2458-13-357] [PMID] [PMCID]
10. Thomas, A, Kruzel N.D. Cancer: Awareness, Prevention & Natural Therapies. Rockwood natural medicine clinic, Scottsdale, Arizona, 2009. Available: [Accessed April 7, 2014].
11. Jamali, C. et al., 2010. awareness of the warning signs of cancer and its risk factors in the population over 18 years old Tehran University of Medical Sciences, 2010. Volume 17 (4), p. 296-307.
12. San Turgay, A., Sarı, D. and Türkistanlı, E.Ç. Knowledge, attitudes, risk factors, and early detection of cancer relevant to the schoolteachers in Izmir, Turkey. Preventive Medicine, 2005.40(6), pp.636-641. [DOI:10.1016/j.ypmed.2004.09.038] [PMID]
13. Mazloomy Mahmoodabad SS, Noorbala MT, Rahaee Z, Mohammadi M. Knowledge, attitude and performance study of secondary school teachers of Yazd city regarding skin cancer. Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology. 2010. 1;24(4):424-8. [DOI:10.1111/j.1468-3083.2009.03431.x] [PMID]
14. McMenamin, M., Barry, H., Lennon, A.M., Purcell, H., Baum, M., Keegan, D., McDermott, E., O'Donoghue, D., Daly, L. and Mulcahy, H. A survey of breast cancer awareness and knowledge in a Western population: lots of light but little illumination. European Journal of Cancer, 2005. 41(3), pp.393-397. [DOI:10.1016/j.ejca.2004.11.015] [PMID]
15. Zareban, y. Heydar Nia, A.R. And Rakhshani, F.. The effect of educational program on HIV and AIDS awareness and performance Chabahar sailors. University of Medical Sciences, 2005.8 (1), pp. 29- 32.
16. Sharifirad, G. Hazave, M.M. Hassanzadeh, A. et al. Effect of health education based on health belief model on preventive measures
17. of smoking in school, 2008.10 (1), S.79- 86. [DOI:10.1111/j.1477-9552.1953.tb01857.x]
18. MacKian, S.C. What the papers say: Reading therapeutic landscapes of women's health and empowerment in Uganda. Health & place, 2008. 14(1), pp.106-115. [DOI:10.1016/j.healthplace.2007.05.005] [PMID]
19. Mirzazadeh, S. Women and AIDS in Iran: from denial to acceptance, Health Women Magazine, 135, summer 2006.
20. Neghab, M., Habibi, M., Rajaeefard, A. and Choobineh, A. Home Accidents in Shiraz during a 3-year Period (2000-2002). Journal of Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, 2008. 11(4).
21. Parvizi, S., Seyed Fatemi, M. and Kiani, K. Family dynamism & women's health. Women Social and Psychologic Studies Quarterly, 2009.7(2), pp.54-7.
22. Bakhtar Aghdam, F. et al. The effect of health belief model-based education on improving breast cancer screening in women's beliefs and behaviors referred to health centers of Tabriz. Medical Journal of Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, 2011.13 (6), S.25-31.
23. Plichta, S.B., Kelvin, E.A. and Munro, B.H. Munro's statistical methods for health care research. Wolters Kluwer Health/Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. Philadelphia, 2013.
24. Miles, A., Waller, J., Hiom, S. and Swanston, D. SunSmart? Skin cancer knowledge and preventive behaviour in a British population representative sample. Health Education Research, 2005. 20(5), pp.579-585. [DOI:10.1093/her/cyh010] [PMID] [PMCID]
25. Hajizadeh, A. and Asghar, D. Looking at the way research methods and statistical analysis in the life sciences and health. Publications Tehran, Tehran , 2011.
26. Nunnally J.C. & Bernstein I.H. Psychometric Theory. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1994.
27. Lewis, S.L., Dirksen, S.R., Heitkemper, M.M. and Bucher, L. Medical-Surgical Nursing: Assessment and Management of Clinical Problems, 9th edition. Elsevier Health Sciences, Philadelphia, 2014.
28. Gammage, K.L., Francoeur, C., Mack, D.E. and Klentrou, P. Osteoporosis health beliefs and knowledge in college students: the role of dietary restraint. Eating behaviors, 2009.10(1), pp.65-67. [DOI:10.1016/j.eatbeh.2008.10.006] [PMID]
29. Montazeri, A., Vahdaninia, M., Harirchi, I., Harirchi, A.M., Sajadian, A., Khaleghi, F., Ebrahimi, M., Haghighat, S. and Jarvandi, S. Breast cancer in Iran: need for greater women awareness of warning signs and effective screening methods. Asia Pacific Family Medicine, 2008. 7(1), p.6. [DOI:10.1186/1447-056X-7-6] [PMID] [PMCID]
30. Lykins, E.L., Graue, L.O., Brechting, E.H., Roach, A.R., Gochett, C.G. and Andrykowski, M.A. Beliefs about cancer causation and prevention as a function of personal and family history of cancer: a national, population‐based study. Psycho Oncology, 2008. 17(10), pp.967-974. [DOI:10.1002/pon.1306] [PMID] [PMCID]
31. Godazandeh, a. Khani, H. Khalilian, A.R. Attard, G. Firuzi, M.A. et al., Women over 15 years of knowledge and practice about breast cancer preventionMedical University of Surrey. 2006.
32. Rastad, h. Shokohi., L. Dehghani, S.l. And Moetamed Jahromy, M., The knowledgeand practice of women than breast cancer in
33. 2012, Fasa University of Medical Sciences Journal, 2012.3 (1), p. 75-80.
34. Shahnaz, e. Sabooteh, SA. Sharifirad, c. Mir Karimi, K. And Hassanzadeh, a. The effect of education on health belief model of anxiety
35. in nulliparous pregnant women. Journal of Education and Health Promotion,.2015. 4.
36. Charkazi, A., Samimi, A., Razzaghi, K., Kouchaki, G.M., Moodi, M., Meirkarimi, K., Kouchaki, A.M. and Shahnazi, H. Adherence to recommended breast cancer screening in Iranian Turkmen women: the role of knowledge and beliefs. International Scholarly Research Notices Preventive
37. Medicine, 2013.
38. Abreu, M.A.M.M., Pimentel, D.R., Silva, O.M., Blachman, I.T., Michalany, N.S., Hirata, C.H., Weckx, L.L. and Alchorne, M.M. Carcinoma espinocelular do lábio: avaliação de fatores prognósticos. Brazilian Dental Journal, 2004. 70 (6), pp.765-70. [DOI:10.1590/S0034-72992004000600010]
39. Jamali, C. et al., 2010. awareness of the warning signs of cancer and its risk factors in the population over 18 years old Tehran
40. University of Medical Sciences, Birjand University of Medical Sciences 2010. 17(4), p. 296-307.
41. Lynch, L. and Happell, B. Implementation of clinical supervision in action: part 2: implementation and beyond. International Journal of Mental Health Nursing, 2008.17(1), pp.65-72. [DOI:10.1111/j.1447-0349.2007.00512.x] [PMID]
Send email to the article author

Add your comments about this article
Your username or Email:

CAPTCHA code


XML   Persian Abstract   Print


Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Sharifikia I, Rohani C, Estebsari F, Salmani F, Matbouei M, Hossein-nejad A et al . Awareness about warning signs for cancers in women referred to health centers affiliated with bushehr university of medical sciences. 3. 2019; 1 (1) :30-39
URL: http://ijca.ir/article-1-35-en.html


Volume 1, Issue 1 (Spring 2019) Back to browse issues page
نشریه پرستاری سرطان Iranian Journal of Cancer Nursing (ijcn)
Persian site map - English site map - Created in 0.06 seconds with 32 queries by YEKTAWEB 3877